Organic wine/natural wine : what is the difference ?
They are similar; it is primarily a question of processes and...constraints !
Of the 150,000 wine producers in France, about 1% accept the additional requirements to make their wine organic. The requirements are mainly related to using or not using a defined list of products - from specifications written by the certifying agencies - in the vineyard for healthy grapes. When recertified anew each year after strictly complying with the specifications, winemakers have the right to add a label on their bottles (e.g., the AB logo) or brand (such as Demeter, or Nature & Progress). This is called organic wine, biodynamic wine, natural wine or naturally made wine, in some cases.
Wine obviously does not exist in the nature…
Wine is primarily the result of the work of Man. Be called natural wine, a wine made from grapes from organic or biodynamic agriculture, vinified as naturally as possible: it takes nothing away, it adds nothing. The winemaker accompanies the wine.
Besides using indigenous yeasts (to own grapes and environment), the winemaker takes very little: no chaptalisation, no acidification and little or no use of SO2. Natural wine may also be called "wine without sulfite" when the winemaker will have no added sulfite. Again, the natural wine (or kind) is a convention.
According to the Association, here is the definition of Natural Wine: "The healthy grapes, grown on a vine in line with nature, gives juice, fermenting, becomes a natural wine. Ideally, the man does not intervene, it accompanies ... By ethic he says what he does and he does what he says ".