Elaborated with grapes from organic farming, natural wine aims to revive the expression of a terroir, way from formatted and conventional practices. By rejecting the use of chemicals the “natural” winegrower, sensible to the respect of its environment, will create a live and free wine..Natural wines or organic wines , whatever the name, main principles are there: desire for all selected winemakers to offer organic and bio-dynamical wines . Grapes often harvested by hand, wines with little or no added sulfites, wines worked with indigenous yeasts ...
These winegrowers are respectful of soil, underground nature, vines, grapes, and in the end of the wine lover. They follow strict specifications to get their wine certified by private certifying bodies linked to the AB label (Organic Farming) and/or to the Biodynamic (Demeter, Ecocert, Biodyvin...). It is then confirmed that the wine grower working methods lay on life respect, with no use of chemicals or synthetic products. There lays the basis of natural philosophy. By choosing ethic and responsible approach, the wine grower will plough his terroir with care. He is concerned by the underground in which the roots of the plant draw on and that way he protects the ecosystem. Emphasis is put on grapes, favouring quality rather than quantity. In line of organic farming, biodynamic vine growing is also used. It tightens the links between the winegrower and its vineyard by following the lunar calendar to work on the vine, and recommending homoeopathic preparations for healthy feeding of the soil.
Hand picking of grapes is prefered to mechanical picking. Only indigenous yeast are allowed to start fermentation process and the use of sulphur is minimal, (30mg/l for red, 40mg/l tolerated for white), sometimes non existent, (mention « Wine with no sulphite input »). Manipulations are soft and slow in order not to alter or cover the soul of wine : little or no wine racking, wine ageing on lees, low filtrations, etc. To sum up we can say that organic or natural wine grower takes care of the wine to make sure of bringing out the natural reflection of the juice.
Renowned for their seriousness and the quality of their wines, many winemakers are beginning to be recognized outside the sphere of natural wines : Marcel Richaud in Cairanne (Côtes du Rhône), Domaine Marcel Lapierre in Beaujolais, Philippe Pacalet in Burgundy with Chassagne-Montrachet or Gevrey-Chambertin, Richard Leroy in Anjou with Montbenault, Pierre Overnoy and Emmanuel Houillon (Jura), Arena family in Patrimonio (Corsica), Pierre, Paul et Catherine Breton in Touraine (Loire Valley), Yvon Métras and his son Jules in Fleurie (Beaujolais), famous Selosse Champagne, Valérie Frison, Emmanuel Lassaigne, Patrick Meyer in Alsace, l'Anglore from Eric Pfifferling in Rhône Valley, Jean-Philippe Padié (Roussillon) and a new generation of winemakers like Pierre Cotton, Olivier Cohen, Rémi Sédès, Ludovic Engelvin, Charles Soulier, Jacques Février, Fabien Jouve, Jérémie Illouz,